Assessing data availability and research reproducibility in hydrology and water resources

There is broad interest to improve the reproducibility of published research. We developed a survey tool to assess the availability of digital research artifacts published alongside peer-reviewed journal articles (e.g. data, models, code, directions for use) and reproducibility of article results. We used the tool to assess 360 of the 1,989 articles published by six hydrology and water resources journals in 2017. Like studies from other fields, we reproduced results for only a small fraction of articles (1.6% of tested articles) using their available artifacts. We estimated, with 95% confidence, that results might be reproduced for only 0.6% to 6.8% of all 1,989 articles. Unlike prior studies, the survey tool identified key bottlenecks to making work more reproducible. Bottlenecks include: only some digital artifacts available (44% of articles), no directions (89%), or all artifacts available but results not reproducible (5%). The tool (or extensions) can help authors, journals, funders, and institutions to self-assess manuscripts, provide feedback to improve reproducibility, and recognize and reward reproducible articles as examples for others.

Reproducibility and Reuse of Experiments in eScience: Workflows, Ontologies and Scripts

Scripts and Scientific Workflow Management Systems (SWfMSs) are common approachesthat have been used to automate the execution flow of processes and data analysis in scien-tific (computational) experiments. Although widely used in many disciplines, scripts arehard to understand, adapt, reuse, and reproduce. For this reason, several solutions havebeen proposed to aid experiment reproducibility for script-based environments. However,they neither allow to fully document the experiment nor do they help when third partieswant to reuse just part of the code. SWfMSs, on the other hand, help documentationand reuse by supporting scientists in the design and execution of their experiments, whichare specified and run as interconnected (reusable) workflow components (a.k.a. buildingblocks). While workflows are better than scripts for understandability and reuse, they stillrequire additional documentation. During experiment design, scientists frequently createworkflow variants, e.g., by changing workflow components. Reuse and reproducibilityrequire understanding and tracking variant provenance, a time-consuming task. This the-sis aims to support reproducibility and reuse of computational experiments. To meetthese challenges, we address two research problems: (1) understanding a computationalexperiment, and (2) extending a computational experiment. Our work towards solvingthese problems led us to choose workflows and ontologies to answer both problems. Themain contributions of this thesis are thus: (i) to present the requirements for the con-version of script to reproducible research; (ii) to propose a methodology that guides thescientists through the process of conversion of script-based experiments into reproducibleworkflow research objects; (iii) to design and implement features for quality assessmentof computational experiments; (iv) to design and implement W2Share, a framework tosupport the conversion methodology, which exploits tools and standards that have beendeveloped by the scientific community to promote reuse and reproducibility; (v) to designand implement OntoSoft-VFF, a framework for capturing information about software andworkflow components to support scientists manage workflow exploration and evolution.Our work is showcased via use cases in Molecular Dynamics, Bioinformatics and WeatherForecasting

The ReproRubric: Evaluation Criteria for the Reproducibility of Computational Analyses

The computational reproducibility of analytic results has been discussed and evaluated in many different scientific disciplines, all of which have one finding in common: analytic results are far too often not reproducible. There are numerous examples of reproducibility guidelines for various applications, however, a comprehensive assessment tool for evaluating the individual components of the research pipeline was unavailable. To address this need, COS developed the ReproRubric, which defines multiple Tiers of reproducibility based on criteria established for each critical stage of the typical research workflow - from initial design of the experiment through final reporting of the results.

Facilitating Replication and Reproducibility in Team Science: The 'projects' R Package

The contemporary scientific community places a growing emphasis on the reproducibility of research. The projects R package is a free, open-source endeavor created in the interest of facilitating reproducible research workflows. It adds to existing software tools for reproducible research and introduces several practical features that are helpful for scientists and their collaborative research teams. For each individual project, it supplies an intuitive framework for storing raw and cleaned study data sets, and provides script templates for protocol creation, data cleaning, data analysis and manuscript development. Internal databases of project and author information are generated and displayed, and manuscript title pages containing author lists and their affiliations are automatically generated from the internal database. File management tools allow teams to organize multiple projects. When used on a shared file system, multiple researchers can harmoniously contribute to the same project in a less punctuated manner, reducing the frequency of misunderstandings and the need for status updates.

How to increase reproducibility and transparency in your research

Contemporary science faces many challenges in publishing results that are reproducible. This is due to increased usage of data and digital technologies as well as heightened demands for scholarly communication. These challenges have led to widespread calls for more research transparency, accessibility, and reproducibility from the science community. This article presents current findings and solutions to these problems, including recent new software that makes writing submission-ready manuscripts for journals of Copernicus Publications a lot easier.